Kennings, Heiti, and Other Alternate Names for Loki

lokavinr:

A list of kennings and other names taken from Skáldskaparmál, Þórsdrápa, Haustlöng, and Lokasenna (possibly more to come in the future).

Relationships:

  • Sonr Laufeyjar: Laufey’s son
  • Sonr Nálar: Son of Nál [Laufey]
  • Sonr Fárbauta: Fárbauti’s son
  • Bróðir Býleists: Býleistr’s brother
  • Bróðir Helblinda: Helblindi’s brother
  • Geðreynir Gauts: Gautr’s (Óðinn’s) friend
  • Hrafn-Ásar vinr: Raven-God’s [Óðinn’s] friend
  • Hœnis vinr: Hœnir’s friend
  • Hugreynandi Hœnis: Mind-tester of Hœnir
  • Verr Sigynjar: Sigyn’s husband
  • Farmr arma Sigynjar: Sigyn’s arm-burden [lover]¹
  • Farmr arma galdrs hapts: Arm-burden [lover] of spell-bond/Goddess [Sigyn/Gullveig/Angrboða?]¹
  • Faðir Nara: Nari’s father
  • Faðir Ála: Áli’s father
  • Faðir Heljar: Hel’s father
  • Faðir Vánargands: Father of the monster of Ván³ [Fenrisúlfr]
  • Úlfs faðir: Wolf’s [Fenrisúlfr’s?] father
  • Faðir Jörmungands: Father of the massive monster [Miðgarðr serpent]
  • Faðir lögseims: Father of the sea-thread [Miðgarðr serpent]
  • Sleipnis frændi: Sleipnir’s kinsman
  • Frændi ok föðurbróðir: Kinsman and uncle
  • Geðreynir Gauts herþrumu: Mind-tester of the warrior of battle-thunder [Þórr?]*    
  • Sessi Óðinns ok ása: Bench-mate [companion] of Óðinn and the Gods

Trickery:

  • Firna-slægjan Fárbauta mögr: Fárbauti’s very sly son
  • Þjófr jötna: Thief of (from?) giants
  • Þjófr hafrs: Thief of the goat (♂)
  • Þjófr Brísingamens: Thief of Brísingamen
  • Þjófr Iðunnar epla: Thief of Iðunn’s apples
  • Bölvasmiðr: Mischief-maker
  • Inn slægi áss: The sly God
  • Hárskaði Sifjar: Sif’s hair-loss/hair-damage
  • Frumkveði flærðanna: Originator of deceit
  • Lævísi Loki: Cunning-wise Loki

Air/Birds:

  • Gammleið: Vulture-pathⁿ
  • Öglis barn: Hawk’s child²
  • Loptr: Air/Sky
  • Meinkráka: Harmful crow

Adversary:

  • Goða dólgr: Adversary of the Gods
  • Ráðbani Baldrs: Contriver of Baldr’s death
  • Rægjandi ok vélandi goðanna: Slanderer and trickster/betrayer° of the Gods
  • Þrætudólgr Heimdallar: Quarreling opponent of Heimdallr
  • Þrætudólgr Skaða: Quarreling opponent of Skaði
  • Rógberi ásanna: Slanderer of the Gods

Other:

  • Heimsæki ok kistuskrúd Geirröðar: Visitor and chest-ornament [?] of Geirröðr
  • Inn bundni áss: The bound God
  • Áss ragr (sá hefr börn borit): The queer^ God (who has born children)
  • Rög vættr: Queer^ being
  • Hveðrungr: An alternate name for Loki appearing in kennings#

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Question: Does Heathenry have epithets like Hellenic Polytheism does?

Do you ever use any epithets or alternative names for Loki? For example, from my own practice, I can call Apollo … Apollo Medicus (Apollo the Doctor) or Apollo Phoebus (Shining One). Does something similar exist for Loki?
Dear hiddlesbatchlove,

We’ve got two similar concepts, actually: heiti and kennings.

Heiti are other names to describe the same person or object, while a kenning is more like a descriptive phrase to indicate the person or object that you mean. 

Odin is particularly famous for having a bajillion heiti. This list doesn’t even cover half of them.

The Skaldic Poetry Project has page listings for both heiti and kennings. Other repositories also exist, such as this lexicon that focuses on battle-related kennings. Nafnaþulur (the last section of Skáldskaparmál in Snorri’s Prose Edda) also has a number of listed names for several Deities.

Deities also tend to be given heiti and kennings by modern practitioners.

Question: Is Loki Associated with Hawks?

Ever since Loki first contacted me, I have a TON of dreams about snakes. A. *TON*. It used to be on a nightly basis, now its waned a bit. Recently, hawks have been coming into the picture-specifically red tailed hawks, and also eagles. We found a hawk perched outside of our house, staring at our car and not flying away until I got a good 6 feet in front of it [at which point i slipped, fell and it flew]. Are hawks associated with Him?
Dear Anon,
Yes, this is one of several kennings that get ignored, overlooked, or forgotten. Loki is referred to as “Hawk’s offspring” or “Hawk’s child” (ǫglis barni) in Haustlǫng 103 (or sometimes stanza 12. It depends on the translation).
 
Here’s a site with some comparative translation of Haustlong, including some great literal translations of the kennings and heiti that appear.
Heimskringla also has a few versions of Haustlong archived (not in English, unfortunately, so if you don’t know any Scandinavian languages, try running pages through Google Translate.)